An intrinsic calculation for Polymetal International plc (LON:POLY) suggests it is undervalued by 33%
In this article, we will estimate the intrinsic value of Polymetal International plc (LON:POLY) by taking expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. On this occasion, we will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. This may sound complicated, but it’s actually quite simple!
Businesses can be valued in many ways, which is why we emphasize that a DCF is not perfect for all situations. Anyone interested in learning a little more about intrinsic value should read the Simply Wall St.
Check out our latest analysis for Polymetal International
The method
We will use a twostage DCF model which, as the name suggests, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is usually a period of higher growth which stabilizes towards the terminal value, captured in the second period of “sustained growth”. To begin with, we need to obtain cash flow estimates for the next ten years. Wherever possible, we use analysts’ estimates, but where these are not available, we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the latest estimate or reported value. We assume that companies with decreasing free cash flow will slow their rate of contraction and companies with increasing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow during this period. We do this to reflect the fact that growth tends to slow more in early years than in later years.
Generally, we assume that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today’s value:
Estimated free cash flow (FCF) over 10 years
2022 
2023 
2024 
2025 
2026 
2027 
2028 
2029 
2030 
2031 

Leveraged FCF ($, millions) 
$654.5 million 
$684.0 million 
$572.0 million 
$862.0 million 
$908.7 million 
$945.7 million 
US$975.1 million 
$999.0 million 
$1.02 billion 
$1.04 billion 
Growth rate estimate Source 
Analyst x6 
Analyst x6 
Analyst x1 
Analyst x1 
Is at 5.42% 
Is at 4.06% 
East @ 3.11% 
Is at 2.45% 
Is 1.99% 
Is at 1.66% 
Present value (in millions of dollars) discounted at 8.7% 
$602 
$579 
$446 
$618 
$599 
$574 
$544 
$513 
$482 
$450 
(“East” = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
10year discounted cash flow (PVCF) = $5.4 billion
We now need to calculate the terminal value, which represents all future cash flows after this tenyear period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate the terminal value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5year average 10year government bond yield of 0.9%. We discount terminal cash flows to present value at a cost of equity of 8.7%.
Terminal value (TV)= FCF_{2031} × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = $1.0 billion × (1 + 0.9%) ÷ (8.7%–0.9%) = $13 billion
Present value of terminal value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)^{ten}= $13 billion ÷ (1 + 8.7%)^{ten}= $5.8 billion
The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of future cash flows, which in this case is $11 billion. The final step is to divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of £11.6 in the UK, the company appears to be pretty good value at a 33% discount to the current share price. Ratings are imprecise instruments, however, much like a telescope – move a few degrees and end up in another galaxy. Keep that in mind.
Important assumptions
The above calculation is highly dependent on two assumptions. One is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own assessment of a company’s future performance, so try the math yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not take into account the possible cyclicality of an industry, nor the future capital needs of a company, so it does not give a complete picture of a company’s potential performance. Since we consider Polymetal International as a potential shareholder, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which takes debt into account. In this calculation, we used 8.7%, which is based on a leveraged beta of 1.249. Beta is a measure of a stock’s volatility relative to the market as a whole. We derive our beta from the average industry beta of broadly comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable company.
Next steps:
Although important, the DCF calculation is just one of many factors you need to assess for a business. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Preferably, you would apply different cases and assumptions and see their impact on the valuation of the business. For example, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can significantly change the overall result. Why is intrinsic value higher than the current stock price? For Polymetal International, we have put together three relevant aspects that you should consider in more detail:

Risks: For example, we found 3 warning signs for Polymetal International that you must consider before investing here.

Future earnings: How does POLY’s growth rate compare to its peers and the market in general? Dive deeper into the analyst consensus figure for the coming years by interacting with our free analyst growth forecast chart.

Other strong companies: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are essential to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with strong trading fundamentals to see if there are any other companies you may not have considered!
PS. The Simply Wall St app performs an updated cash flow valuation for every stock on the LSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks, search here.
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This Simply Wall St article is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It is not a recommendation to buy or sell stocks and does not take into account your objectives or financial situation. Our goal is to bring you targeted longterm analysis based on fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not take into account the latest announcements from pricesensitive companies or qualitative materials. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned.